California General Contractors are at serious risk if they hire Unlicensed Subcontractors. A recent construction case in California should give general contractors pause when hiring unlicensed subcontractors to perform work on a project, even though the general contractor is licensed. Section 7031 of the California Business & Professions Code provides that any unlicensed contractors doing work that requires a contractor’s license are barred from recovering payment for their work, and further that they must return all sums paid to them for their work performed without a license upon request.
In this way, Section 7031 is said to act as both a shield and a sword against unlicensed contractors performing work that requires a contractor’s license, and both the shield and sword apply even if the work was performed flawlessly and on schedule. Until recently, however, it was unclear whether a licensed general contractor could be penalized for hiring unlicensed subcontractors to perform work.
Construction Case Kim v. TWA Construction, Inc
The case of Kim v. TWA Construction, Inc. (2022) 78 Cal.App.5th 808 (“Kim”) answered this question in the affirmative. In Kim, the general contractor was required to return all monies paid for a tree removal to the homeowner, due to the individual hired by the general to remove the tree not possessing a C-61 / D-49 Tree Service Specialty license. It seems that this ruling would apply no matter the general contractor’s knowledge of the tree contractor’s licensure status.
Action Required of General Contractor
With this case now in the field, general contractors should take extra precautions to verify licenses of all trades before permitting them to perform any work on a project, or they are at risk of having to return all monies paid to them by their client for any of the work performed by an unlicensed subcontractor.
With many laws affecting general contractors, it is impossible to stay up to date. That is why having a construction lawyer on your side like Putterman Law is essential. Learn about our construction law services here.